Set Up From Scratch a Raspberry Pi to Log Data From Arduino

This tutorial is for those who have no experience with installing a new hardware, or software, let alone Python or Linux.
Let say you have ordered to Raspberry Pi (RPi) with SD card (at least 8GB, I used 16GB, type I) and power supply (5V, at least 2.5A). Today, you decide to set it up and record data from Arduinos. So let begin!
The tutorial includes setting up Raspberry Pi from the beginning, including Desktop Remote, preparing an Arduino with 18B20 temperature sensors, and executing a Python script in Raspberry Pi to collect and save the data.”