32 Shades of Grey

Portable NTSC test pattern generator

This project implements a low cost portable NTSC video pattern generator for testing monochrome video systems regarding gain and resolution.
The circuit provides a video output with voltage and impedance according with the RS-170 standard.
A CR2025 coin cell powers the circuit that it is automatically activated when the output plug is connected.

The heart of the project is the ATTiny85 running with internal PLL thus providing 6 pins for generating the video signal, being 5 used for luminance and 1 for synchronism.

The 5 bits of luminance drive a resistor network that altogether with the pin used for sync are calculated to provide the output voltages expected by RS-170 standard having an output impedance of 75 ohms. To accomplish that some math is required, basically an extension of this article.”