“Here is another interesting “intelligent” LED matrix display, whose name actually makes some sense (unlike HDSP-2354, among many others): SCD5583A. I reckon it means: “Serial Character Display with 5x5x8 dot matrix”. 3 is the code for green (0 for red, 1 for yellow).
This display is now obsolete (replaced by touch screens in avionics, the industry for which it was designed), but it is still available on ebay for a reasonable price (except for incredibly high shipping cost).
Compared to other intelligent displays like the above-mentioned HDSP-2534 employed by the HDSP clock (hence the bland unimaginative name), SCD558X does not have an internally-defined font and requires the user to provide one. This makes it a little more complicated to use, but also allows for more flexibility, making it truly international (non-English character set). Even more, each pixel can be addressed individually, like a graphical 5x40 LED matrix.
The fact that is serial means fewer pins are required for interfacing (3 control pins in this case) and less driving circuitry (no need for the external shift register).
The photo below shows the display connected to an Arduino and running the HDSP sketch adapted for SCD5833.”