CERN

The European Organization for Nuclear Research (French: Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire), known as CERN; derived from the name Conseil européen pour la recherche nucléaire), is a European research organization that operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world. Established in 1954, the organization is based in a northwest suburb of Geneva on the Franco–Swiss border and has 23 member states. Israel is the only non-European country granted full membership. CERN is an official United Nations Observer. The acronym CERN is also used to refer to the laboratory, which in 2016 had 2,500 scientific, technical, and administrative staff members, and hosted about 12,000 users. In the same year, CERN generated 49 petabytes of data. CERN's main function is to provide the particle accelerators and other infrastructure needed for high-energy physics research – as a result, numerous experiments have been constructed at CERN through international collaborations. The main site at Meyrin hosts a large computing facility, which is primarily used to store and analyse data from experiments, as well as simulate events. Researchers need remote access to these facilities, so the lab has historically been a major wide area network hub. CERN is also the birthplace of the World Wide Web.

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LHCb discovers a new type of tetraquark at CERN

“The LHCb collaboration has observed an exotic particle made up of four charm quarks for the first time. The LHCb collaboration has observed a type of four-quark particle never seen before. The discovery, presented at a recent seminar at CERN …

A CERN-led international collaboration develops 3D-printed neutrino detectors

“A 3D-printed “super-cube” scintillator would be the first occurrence of additive manufacturing being used in particle detectors and would allow more precise data collection Plastic scintillators are one of the most used active materials in high-energy physics. Their properties make …

Exploring new ways to see the Higgs boson

“The ATLAS and CMS collaborations presented their latest results on new signatures for detecting the Higgs boson at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider The ATLAS and CMS collaborations presented their latest results on new signatures for detecting the Higgs boson …

Microsoft Alternatives project (MAlt)

“The Microsoft Alternatives project (MAlt) started a year ago to mitigate anticipated software license fee increases. MAlt’s objective is to put us back in control using open software. It is now time to present more widely this project and …

30th Anniversary of the World Wide Web

“Suppose all the information stored on computers everywhere were linked. Suppose I could program my computer to create a space in which everything could be linked to everything.’ Sir Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web In 1989 the …

International collaboration publishes concept design for a post-LHC future circular collider at CERN

“Geneva. Today, the Future Circular Collider (FCC) collaboration submitted its Conceptual Design Report (CDR) for publication, a four-volume document that presents the different options for a large circular collider of the future. It showcases the great physics opportunities offered by …

New antimatter gravity experiments begin at CERN

“The ALPHA-g and GBAR experiments have received their first beams of antiprotons We learn it at high school: release two objects of different mass in the absence of friction forces and they fall down at the same rate in …

Long-sought decay of Higgs boson observed

“Six years after its discovery, the Higgs boson has at last been observed decaying to fundamental particles known as bottom quarks. The finding, presented today at CERN by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), is …

AWAKE successfully accelerates electrons

“Early in the morning on Saturday, 26 May 2018, the AWAKE collaboration at CERN successfully accelerated electrons for the first time using a wakefield generated by protons zipping through a plasma. A paper describing this important result was published in …

LHC accelerates its first “atoms”

“Protons might be the Large Hadron Collider’s bread and butter, but that doesn’t mean it can’t crave more exotic tastes from time to time. On Wednesday, 25 July, for the very first time, operators injected not just …