This Instructable will provide a step by step procedure for building a USB laptop keyboard controller. I created this guide and video to hopefully make it easier for people to re-purpose an old laptop. A typical laptop keyboard relies on the motherboard for the scanning circuitry. I use a Teensy microcontroller mounted on a connector board to take over this function. Teensies are often used by the mechanical keyboard enthusiasts at Geekhack and Deskthority and the TMK software is the most popular controller code. The TMK code is a bit of an overkill if you just want a simple USB keyboard but it will certainly provide all the features you could ever need. If you would rather write your own keyboard software using Arduino, the Teensyduino functions give you total USB control. Whatever software you decide to use, it will require a key matrix that maps out how your keyboard is wired. One approach, (that I never want to do again) is to exhaustively check every connector pin combination with an ohm meter while holding down each key. I did this when I converted a Sony Vaio into a Raspberry Pi laptop. An Instructable from alpinedelta disassembles the keyboard in order for the connections to each switch to be visually traced back to the connector. Instead of taking the keyboard apart or using an ohm meter, this Instructable will load the Teensy with an automated continuity tester. The Teensy will report over USB, the two pin numbers that are connected when you press a key. After every key has been pressed, the results can be transferred to a row-column matrix and used by the TMK keyboard controller software or a home-brew Teensyduino routine.
I will include download buttons for the relevant files in the Instructable but you can also go to my GitHub repository to view and download all files.”

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