Operational Amplifiers & Linear Integrated Circuits: Theory and Application - Laboratory Manual/3E

This manual is the companion to the OER (Open Educational Resource) Operational Amplifiers & Linear Integrated Circuits/3E text. It is intended for use in an operational amplifiers course and is appropriate for either a two or four year electrical engineering technology curriculum. The manual contains sufficient exercises for a typical 15 week course using a two to three hour practicum period. The topics cover basic differential amplifiers through active filters. For equipment, each lab station should include a dual adjustable DC power supply, a dual trace oscilloscope, a function generator and a quality DMM. Some exercises also make use of a distortion analyzer and a low distortion generator (generally, THD below 0.01%), although these portions may be bypassed. For components, a selection of standard value ¼ watt carbon film resistors ranging from a few ohms to a few mega ohms is required along with an array of typical capacitor values (film types recommended below 1 µF and aluminum electrolytics above). A 100 ohm 5 watt power resistor is needed for the Linear Regulator exercise. A 10k Ω potentiometer will also be useful for the DC Offset exercise. Active devices include small signal diodes such as the 1N914 or 1N4148, the NZX5V1B and NZX3V3B Zeners (or 1N751/1N5231 and 1N5226 in a pinch), small signal NPNs such as the 2N3904 or 2N2222, a medium power NPN transistor such as the 2N5192G, and a variety of inexpensive op amps such as the 741, LF351 or TL081, LF411 and LM318. Most circuits use standard +/-15 VDC power supplies. All DC supplies should be bypassed with 1 µF capacitors positioned as close to the IC and ground as possible. The DC supplies are not drawn in detail on the schematics in order to reduce visual clutter, although the bypass capacitors are included in the parts lists as a reminder.
Each exercise begins with an Objective and a Theory Overview. The Equipment List follows with space provided for model and serial numbers, and measured values of components. Schematics are presented next along with the step-by-step procedure. Many exercises include sections on troubleshooting and/or design. Computer simulations are often presented as well, and almost any quality simulation package such as Multisim, PSpice, LTspice or TINA-TI can be used. All data tables are grouped together, typically with columns for the theoretical and experimental results, along with a column for the percent deviations between them. Finally, a group of appropriate questions are presented.”

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