Content for Oxford.Edu

Oxford.Edu

The University of Oxford is a collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's second-oldest university in continuous operation after the University of Bologna. It grew rapidly from 1167 when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris. After disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled north-east to Cambridge where they established what became the University of Cambridge. The two 'ancient universities' are frequently jointly called 'Oxbridge'. The history and influence of the University of Oxford has made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world. The university is made up of 39 constituent colleges, and a range of academic departments, which are organised into four divisions. All the colleges are self-governing institutions within the university, each controlling its own membership and with its own internal structure and activities. It does not have a main campus, and its buildings and facilities are scattered throughout the city centre. Undergraduate teaching at Oxford is organised around weekly tutorials at the colleges and halls, supported by classes, lectures, seminars, and laboratory work provided by university faculties and departments; some postgraduate teaching includes tutorials organised by faculties and departments. It operates the world's oldest university museum, as well as the largest university press in the world and the largest academic library system nationwide.

Heatstroke: why the hotter the clock, the more accurate its timekeeping

“Clocks are essential building blocks of modern technology, from computers to GPS receivers. They are also essentially engines, irreversibly consuming resources in order to generate accurate ticks. But what resources have to be expended to achieve a desired accuracy? In …

Light-carrying chips advance machine learning

“A team of international scientists has demonstrated an initial prototype of a photonic processor using tiny rays of light confined inside silicon chips that can process information much more rapidly than electronic chips and also in parallel - something traditional chips …

AI automatic tuning delivers step forward in Quantum computing

“Researchers at Oxford University, in collaboration with DeepMind, University of Basel and Lancaster University, have created a machine learning algorithm that interfaces with a quantum device and ‘tunes’ it faster than human experts, without any human input. They are dubbing …

In-Memory Computing Using Photonic Memory Devices

“Could light be the answer to the future of more energy-efficient and faster computing? Today, our collaborative team of scientists led by Oxford and IBM Research-Zurich, with colleagues at Exeter and Munster, published a new research paper that points to …

New Material for Splitting Water

“Solar energy is clean and abundant. But when the sun isn’t shining, you must store the energy in batteries or through a process called photocatalysis — in which solar energy is used to make fuels. In photocatalytic water splitting, sunlight …

Experts Predict When Artificial Intelligence Will Exceed Human Performance

“Artificial intelligence is changing the world and doing it at breakneck speed. The promise is that intelligent machines will be able to do every task better and more cheaply than humans. Rightly or wrongly, one industry after another is falling …

New computer software programme excels at lip reading

“A new computer software programme has the potential to lip-read more accurately than people and to help those with hearing loss, Oxford University researchers have found. Watch, Attend and Spell (WAS), is a new artificial intelligence (AI) software system that …

Google DeepMind and FHI collaborate to present research at UAI 2016

“Oxford academics are teaming up with Google DeepMind to make artificial intelligence safer. Laurent Orseau, of Google DeepMind, and Stuart Armstrong, the Alexander Tamas Fellow in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning at the Future of Humanity Institute at the University …

Light-based memory chip is the first ever to store data permanently

“The world’s first entirely light-based memory chip to store data permanently has been developed by material scientists at Oxford University and University of Münster in collaboration with scientists at Karlsruhe and Exeter. The device, which makes use of materials …