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NIST

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is a physical sciences laboratory, and a non-regulatory agency of the United States Department of Commerce. Its mission is to promote innovation and industrial competitiveness. NIST's activities are organized into laboratory programs that include nanoscale science and technology, engineering, information technology, neutron research, material measurement, and physical measurement. It was formerly known as the National Bureau of Standards.

NIST, Collaborators Develop Sensitive New Way of Detecting Transistor Defects

“Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and collaborators have devised and tested a new, highly sensitive method of detecting and counting defects in transistors — a matter of urgent concern to the semiconductor industry as it develops …

Groundbreaking Technique Yields Important New Details on Silicon, Subatomic Particles and Possible ‘Fifth Force’

“Using a groundbreaking new technique at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), an international collaboration led by NIST researchers has revealed previously unrecognized properties of technologically crucial silicon crystals and uncovered new information about an important subatomic particle …

Testing 1-2: New Laser-Based Microphone Calibration Measures Up

“The NIST demonstration shows the laser method is more accurate and faster than one common type of microphone calibration technique. Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have conducted the first demonstration of a faster and more …

Common Solar Tech Can Power Smart Devices Indoors, NIST Study Finds

“Any time you turn on a light at home or in the office, you are expending energy. But what if flipping the light switch meant producing energy too? We usually think of solar, or photovoltaic (PV), cells fixed to roofs …

Scientists Discover Crystal Exhibiting Exotic Spiral Magnetism

“An exotic form of magnetism has been discovered and linked to an equally exotic type of electrons, according to scientists who analyzed a new crystal in which they appear at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The magnetism …

NIST’s Quantum Crystal Could Be a New Dark Matter Sensor

“Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have linked together, or “entangled,” the mechanical motion and electronic properties of a tiny blue crystal, giving it a quantum edge in measuring electric fields with record sensitivity that may …

NIST Laser ‘Comb’ Systems Now Measure All Primary Greenhouse Gases in the Air

“Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have upgraded their laser frequency-comb instrument to simultaneously measure three airborne greenhouse gases — nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide and water vapor — plus the major air pollutants ozone and carbon monoxide. Combined …

Escape From Flatland: Calibration Method Enables Microscopes to Make Accurate Measurements in All 3 Dimensions

“NIST researchers turn 2D optical imperfections into an advantage for imaging in 3D. Conventional microscopes provide essential information about samples in two dimensions — the plane of the microscope slide. But flat is not all that. In many instances, information about …

New Research Could Help Manufacturers Avoid 3D-Printing Pitfall

“For destressing printed metal parts, ‘island scanning’ may not be the cure-all after all. A research team has found that a method commonly used to skirt one of metal 3D printing’s biggest problems may be far from a silver …

Race Logic: Novel Circuitry Solves a Myriad of Computationally Intensive Problems With a Minimum of Energy

“From the branching pattern of leaf veins to the variety of interconnected pathways that spread the coronavirus, nature thrives on networks — grids that link the different components of complex systems. Networks underlie such real-life problems as determining the most efficient …