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NIST

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is a physical sciences laboratory, and a non-regulatory agency of the United States Department of Commerce. Its mission is to promote innovation and industrial competitiveness. NIST's activities are organized into laboratory programs that include nanoscale science and technology, engineering, information technology, neutron research, material measurement, and physical measurement. It was formerly known as the National Bureau of Standards.

NIST Finds Wireless Performance Consistent Across 5G Millimeter-Wave Bands

“Settling a key dispute in the wireless communications field, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) found that transmission performance is consistent across different bands of the millimeter-wave (mmWave) spectrum targeted for high-speed, data-rich 5G systems. Wireless …

Inspired by Prehistoric Creatures, NIST Researchers Make Record-Setting Lenses

“Drawing lessons from the compound eyes of trilobites, NIST researchers fabricate tiny lenses that see both near and far. Five hundred million years ago, the oceans teemed with trillions of trilobites — creatures that were distant cousins of horseshoe crabs. All …

JILA Atomic Clocks Measure Einstein’s General Relativity at Millimeter Scale

“JILA physicists have measured Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity, or more specifically, the effect called time dilation, at the smallest scale ever, showing that two tiny atomic clocks, separated by just a millimeter or the width of a …

NIST Recommends Steps to Boost Resilience of U.S. Timekeeping

“The nation should bolster research and development of systems that distribute accurate time via fiber-optic cable and radio as part of the effort to back up GPS and enhance the resilience of critical infrastructure that depends on it, according to …

Energizer Atoms: JILA Researchers Find New Way to Keep Atoms Excited

“JILA researchers have tricked nature by tuning a dense quantum gas of atoms to make a congested “Fermi sea,” thus keeping atoms in a high-energy state, or excited, for about 10% longer than usual by delaying their normal return to …

NIST, Collaborators Develop Sensitive New Way of Detecting Transistor Defects

“Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and collaborators have devised and tested a new, highly sensitive method of detecting and counting defects in transistors — a matter of urgent concern to the semiconductor industry as it develops …

Groundbreaking Technique Yields Important New Details on Silicon, Subatomic Particles and Possible ‘Fifth Force’

“Using a groundbreaking new technique at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), an international collaboration led by NIST researchers has revealed previously unrecognized properties of technologically crucial silicon crystals and uncovered new information about an important subatomic particle …

Testing 1-2: New Laser-Based Microphone Calibration Measures Up

“The NIST demonstration shows the laser method is more accurate and faster than one common type of microphone calibration technique. Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have conducted the first demonstration of a faster and more …

Common Solar Tech Can Power Smart Devices Indoors, NIST Study Finds

“Any time you turn on a light at home or in the office, you are expending energy. But what if flipping the light switch meant producing energy too? We usually think of solar, or photovoltaic (PV), cells fixed to roofs …

Scientists Discover Crystal Exhibiting Exotic Spiral Magnetism

“An exotic form of magnetism has been discovered and linked to an equally exotic type of electrons, according to scientists who analyzed a new crystal in which they appear at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The magnetism …