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Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory located in Upton, New York, on Long Island, and was formally established in 1947 at the site of Camp Upton, a former U.S. Army base. Its name stems from its location within the Town of Brookhaven, approximately 60 miles east of New York City. Research at BNL specializes in nuclear and high energy physics, energy science and technology, environmental and bioscience, nanoscience and national security. The 5,300 acre campus contains several large research facilities, including the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and National Synchrotron Light Source II. Seven Nobel prizes have been awarded for work conducted at Brookhaven lab.

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Electrons Break Rotational Symmetry in Exotic Low-Temp Superconductor

“Scientists previously observed this peculiar behavior—characterized by electrons preferentially traveling along one direction, decoupled from the host crystal structure—in other materials whose ability to conduct electricity without energy loss cannot be explained by standard theoretical frameworks Scientists have …

Quantum Effect Triggers Unusual Material Expansion

“You know how you leave space in a water bottle before you pop it in the freezer—to accommodate the fact that water expands as it freezes? Most metal parts in airplanes face the more common opposite problem. At high …

Enhancing Materials for Hi-Res Patterning to Advance Microelectronics

“Scientists at Brookhaven Lab’s Center for Functional Nanomaterials created “hybrid” organic-inorganic materials for transferring ultrasmall, high-aspect-ratio features into silicon for next-generation electronic devices To increase the processing speed and reduce the power consumption of electronic devices, the microelectronics industry …

Hybrid Nanostructure Steps Up Light-Harvesting Efficiency

“A stepwise transfer of energy through the different components of the nanostructure—from light-excited semiconducting nanocrystals to a protein to an atomically thin semiconductor—boosts its response to light, showing promise for solar cell applications To absorb incoming sunlight, plants …

Optimizing Network Software to Advance Scientific Discovery

“A team of computer scientists, physicists, and software engineers optimized software for Intel’s high-speed communication network to accelerate application codes for particle physics and machine learning. High-performance computing (HPC)—the use of supercomputers and parallel processing techniques to solve …

Building a Printing Press for New Quantum Materials

“Scientists at Brookhaven Lab’s Center for Functional Nanomaterials are developing an automated system to synthesize entirely new materials made from stacked atomically thin two-dimensional sheets and to characterize their exotic quantum properties Checking out a stack of books from …

Brookhaven Delivers Innovative Magnets for New Energy-Recovery Accelerator

“Test accelerator under construction at Cornell will reuse energy, running beams through multi-pass magnets that help keep size and costs down. When it comes to particle accelerators, magnets are one key to success. Powerful magnetic fields keep particle beams “on …

Carrying and Releasing Nanoscale Cargo with “Nanowrappers”

“Nanocubes with hollow interiors and surface openings whose shape, size, and location are precisely controlled could be used to load and unload materials for biomedical, catalysis, and optical sensing applications This holiday season, scientists at the Center for Functional Nanomaterials …

Scientists Enter Unexplored Territory in Superconductivity Search

“Combo of experimental techniques plots points in previously unmapped region of a high-temperature superconductor’s “phase diagram.” Scientists mapping out the quantum characteristics of superconductors—materials that conduct electricity with no energy loss—have entered a new regime. Using newly …

Borophene Advances as 2-D Materials Platform

“Atom-thin sheets of boron containing large single crystals could provide foundation for fabricating next-generation electronics. Borophene—two-dimensional (2-D) atom-thin-sheets of boron, a chemical element traditionally found in fiberglass insulation—is anything but boring. Though boron is a nonmetallic semiconductor in …